As we take a seasonal look at the holiday tradition of Christmas trees and OSU’s history of supporting Oregon’s Christmas tree industry, we thought we might share a few snapshots of some of our family trees. Because the true beauty of the Christmas tree is when it can be seen as a canvas for sharing the stories of our traditions, our families, our friends, and all the memories we share. Happy Holidays!
From vodka in the water to I.V. tubes in the trunk, there are lots of urban myths about how to take care of your cut Christmas tree. In the land of Christmas trees — Oregon leads the country when it comes to production — such info is practically blasphemous.
Though dealing with a downswing in supply, everyone should find a tree to decorate for the holidays, says Chal Landgren, a Christmas tree specialist with Oregon State University Extension Service. This year, growers will ship about 5.2 million trees to retailers nationwide, similar to 2017. In past years, harvests have been as high as 7 million to 9 million trees.
The lower numbers come from too many trees grown in the 2000s, bringing prices down and forcing some growers out of business. Right now there’s a shortage, but as supply drops, demand will increase and more trees will be grown, according to Landgren. What could put a crimp in the boom-bust cycle is the death of seedlings because of the hot, dry summer. If seedlings die, supply will drop again.
Trees are plentiful for now, though, and so are the myths that have run rampant over the years. Landgren takes a moment to bust them.
Q. How do I know a tree is fresh when I purchase it?
A. Choose a tree that looks green and healthy with needles that snap like a fresh carrot. Shake it a few times to get rid of old needles. Once you’re home, place the tree in water if you do not plan to put it up immediately. Choose a large, water-filled stand to display the tree indoors. Check the water level daily; trees will be very
Q. Do I need to recut the stem after I get my tree home?
A. Yes, if more than 24 hours
Q. Do I need to cut two inches off the tree base for it to take up water in the stand?
A. No, cutting a 1/4-inch slice off the base is plenty for water uptake. However, clearing the ceiling is another question.
Q. Do I need to cut the base of the trees at an angle, drill holes in the base or install plastic tubes so the tree can get water?
A. No. Water begins the path up the tree via microscopic tubes called “tracheids” in the wood just beneath the bark. The wood near the outer part of the stem is very efficient in conducting water and becomes less so towards the center. So, simply cut the stem perpendicular to the trunk to maximize the area exposed to the water. Complicated cuts, drill holes or I.V. tubes do not help.
Q. Do I need to add something to the water to help the tree stay fresher?
A. People have added all kinds of things to water, including vodka, 7-Up, bleach, aspirin, and sugar. However, clean, cold water is all that is needed. Some additives actually can cause your tree to shed needles or dry out more rapidly.
Q. Will any tree stand work, as long as it holds the tree up?
A. No. A stand should hold a quart of water for every inch of stem diameter. A tree with a 6-inch stem diameter will need a stand that holds a gallon and a half of water. Very few stands have the capacity for today’s large trees. Consider purchasing a new stand, or a smaller tree, if the water capacity is not adequate.
Q. If my decorated tree runs out of
A. No. If you refill the water stand within 24 hours of going dry, most trees (Douglas-fir, noble, Nordmann, Fraser) should re-hydrate just fine. For grand fir, 12 hours may be the limit. Of course, it is best if the tree does not run out of
Though sometimes amusing, Landgren’s advice should be taken seriously. Keep your Christmas tree fresh, and it will be less likely to catch fire. Besides, who wants to give up their vodka for a tree?